Quick Spellcheck with PowerShell

I’m a person that always needs to google words just to see if they even exist. I made a quick Powershell for that just to check whether or not the word even exists (by using the Wikipedia API – Which normalizes most inputs by itself)

The wikipedia API query will look like this:

https://$lang.wikipedia.org/w/api.php?action=query&titles=$word&format=xml

It’s really easy – at the beginning of the link you set the language your word will be. I’ll set that with the var $lang.
After the domain you’ll tell it to use the public API (Documentation here. )
I want to do a query (action=query) on all sites that have a title containing my $word variable. (titles=$word) and I want it in XML because it’s quite easy to handle in Powershell (format=xml).

Now I’ll need some input for my variables:

function check-word {

    Param(
      [string]$word,
      [string]$lang
    )
...
}

That way the quick spellchecker can now be used like that: check-word wordpress de. This tells the API to look for German pages containing the word „wordpress“.

Next thing is to get the Data from the API:

$url = "https://$lang.wikipedia.org/w/api.php?action=query&titles=$word&format=xml"
$webq = Invoke-WebRequest $url

You could do this in one line but for troubleshooting and understanding it’s better to keep it separated.

$webq will look like this:
webq-output1

In content you’ll see it normalized the query.

If I mistype the query it will look like this:
webq-output2

As you see here Content contains the word missing. That’s the API’s way of telling you that it doesn’t exist.
Now we can work with that.
Next step is to check for that word missing:

$webqc = $webq | select-object content
$exists = $webqc -match "missing"

No here comes the tricky thing: $exits will either contain $true or $false. But it will contain $true if the word DOES NOT exist. And it will contain $false if the word exists.

It’s so important because we want to see a little output and have to think reversed:

if ($exists) {Write-Output "Not Correct"} else {"Correct"}

So after all this there’s not much left to do, here’s the full script:

function check-word {
    Param(
      [string]$word,
      [string]$lang
    )
    
    $url = "https://$lang.wikipedia.org/w/api.php?action=query&titles=$word&format=xml"
    $webq = Invoke-WebRequest $url
    $webqc = $webq | select-object content
    # Variable will contain $true if word does not exist - $false if word exists
    $exists = $webqc -match "missing"
    
    if ($exists) {Write-Output "Not Correct"} else {"Correct"}
}

Put it in your $profile and you’ll always have quick quick spellcheck handy if you just need to see if you wrote that word correctly.
If you want to use it in a work environment make sure to check out how to authenticate your shell against a proxy here: Automatic Proxy Authentication from $Profile

If you got any questions or tips and tricks on how to make this script better, leave a comment!

Hands-Off Review: HTC One M9

Hello guys – this is a new section of my blog which will unleash the the worst quality of me. I will make everything bad.
I call it Hands-Off Review. It works like that:
If I see some new gadget or similar, and there’s something about it that REALLY bothers me, I will write a Review on how it’s stupid without even touching the device.

Let’s get started

The HTC One M9

Specs

The specs of this device look absolutely awesome. It features a Full HD Display, an OK Battery and a 20MP Camera. All around something that may be useful to use.
And you can add an SD Card for more space.

Look

It has the typical HTC look to it. Metal and round edges. There’s something that is really really bothering me.
M9_1
Do you see that?
That there is the reason I want to hit the designer of this thing.

Well you may think I’ve gone crazy now but I’ll explain.
There’s quite a lot of space wasted by the speakers:
M9_2

Then… they wasted a lot of space just to get their HTC logo there:
M9_3

And then. Instead of doing the ONE LOGICAL THING and put the buttons where the HTC logo is, they used SOFTWARE BUTTONS – which is the android Space Waster No. 1!
So to put that into perspective, all the red space is absolutely wasted and all the green space is what you can use for browsing or using the phone:
M9_4
Who thinks this is OK?

Dear HTC – You’ve been doing this for ages now, please stop it makes your phones ugly af.

Final words

Although the hardware on that thing is awesome – I couldn’t stand looking at that thing for more than a half day.

side note about Space Wasters: The iPhone 6+ is as big as the Galaxy Note 4. The iPhone is 5.5″ and the Note 5.7″ (and amazingly still faster and better hardware than the 6s+)

POSH: Using ~ for your home directory

Out of habit I used

cd ~

in the Powershell ISE today. Lucky for me Powershell then showed me that you can actually use ~ for your home directory. Just enter the following command:

(get-psprovider 'FileSystem').home = "P:\ath\to\Home"

As soon you have done this you’ll never have to break out of habit to get to your main folder.

Powershell: Get your printers ready

Ready to use functions for your next printer script:

Create Printer

script

function CreatePrinter {
$server = $args[0]
$print = ([WMICLASS]"\\$server\ROOT\cimv2:Win32_Printer").createInstance()
$print.drivername = $args[1]
$print.PortName = $args[2]
$print.Shared = $true
$print.published = $true
$print.Sharename = $args[3]
$print.Location = $args[4]
$print.Comment = $args[5]
$print.DeviceID = $args[6]
$print.Put()
}

usage

createprinter servername drivername portname sharename location comment deviceID

DeviceID and Sharename may be the same. Disable $print.shared and .published if you do not want the printer to be created in AD.
This is great for creating a printer via CSV File.

Create Printer Port

function CreatePrinterPort {
$server =  $args[0]
$port = ([WMICLASS]"\\$server\ROOT\cimv2:Win32_TCPIPPrinterPort").createInstance()
$port.Name= $args[1]
$port.SNMPEnabled=$false
$port.Protocol=1
$port.HostAddress= $args[2]
$port.Put()
}

usage

CreatePrinterPort servername portname hostaddress

Create the ports first if they do not already exist!

Delete Printer

function DeletePrinter {
    param(
        $Server,
        $Printer
    )
    Get-WmiObject -class "Win32_Printer" -ComputerName $Server -namespace "root\CIMV2" |
    Where-Object {$_.name -eq $printer} | ForEach-Object {
        $_.Delete()
    }
}

Rename Printer


function RenamePrinter {
    param(
        $server,
        $oldName,
        $NewName
    )
    Invoke-WmiMethod -path "Win32_Printer.DeviceID='$oldname'" -name RenamePrinter -ArgumentList "$newname" -ComputerName "$server"
}

MOTD for Powershell (Using the fortune-mod (linux) Package files)

I downloaded and altered the fortune-mod fortune files so that there’s one fortune per line. This can be downloaded here:
http://pastebin.com/TnxeyWJm

Next step is to add the following thing to your $Profile

function get-motd{
$fortunes = get-content \path\to\fortunes.txt
get-random -InputObject $fortunes
}
.......
clear-host
get-motd{}

It’s virtually important that you run the function after the clear-host. Otherwise the quote will not appear / will be erradicated before it even had time to present itself to you)

Powershell: Select CSV Colums to create new CSV

My first small project with Forms. Run the script with .\modifycsv.ps1 -file .\csvfile.csv

[CmdletBinding()]
Param(
  [Parameter(Mandatory=$True,Position=1)]
    [string]$file,
  [parameter()]
    [string]$delimiter = ";"
)
 
$csv = import-csv $file -Delimiter $delimiter
$headers = $csv | get-member -membertype NoteProperty | select-object -ExpandProperty 'Name'
$x = @()
 
 
$headers = $csv | get-member -membertype NoteProperty | select-object -ExpandProperty 'Name'
$x = @()



<# FORM START ---------------------------------------------------------------------#>
[void] [System.Reflection.Assembly]::LoadWithPartialName("System.Windows.Forms")
[void] [System.Reflection.Assembly]::LoadWithPartialName("System.Drawing") 

$objForm = New-Object System.Windows.Forms.Form 
$objForm.Text = "Data Entry Form"
$objForm.Size = New-Object System.Drawing.Size(300,200) 
$objForm.StartPosition = "CenterScreen"

$objForm.KeyPreview = $True

$objForm.Add_KeyDown({if ($_.KeyCode -eq "Enter") 
    {
        foreach ($objItem in $objListbox.SelectedItems)
            {$x += $objItem}
        $objForm.Close()
    }
    })

$objForm.Add_KeyDown({if ($_.KeyCode -eq "Escape") 
    {$objForm.Close()}})

$OKButton = New-Object System.Windows.Forms.Button
$OKButton.Location = New-Object System.Drawing.Size(75,120)
$OKButton.Size = New-Object System.Drawing.Size(75,23)
$OKButton.Text = "OK"

$OKButton.Add_Click(
   {
        foreach ($objItem in $objListbox.SelectedItems)
            {$x += $objItem}
        $objForm.Close()
   })

$objForm.Controls.Add($OKButton)

$CancelButton = New-Object System.Windows.Forms.Button
$CancelButton.Location = New-Object System.Drawing.Size(150,120)
$CancelButton.Size = New-Object System.Drawing.Size(75,23)
$CancelButton.Text = "Cancel"
$CancelButton.Add_Click({$objForm.Close()})
$objForm.Controls.Add($CancelButton)

$objLabel = New-Object System.Windows.Forms.Label
$objLabel.Location = New-Object System.Drawing.Size(10,20) 
$objLabel.Size = New-Object System.Drawing.Size(280,20) 
$objLabel.Text = "Please make a selection from the list below:"
$objForm.Controls.Add($objLabel) 

$objListbox = New-Object System.Windows.Forms.Listbox 
$objListbox.Location = New-Object System.Drawing.Size(10,40) 
$objListbox.Size = New-Object System.Drawing.Size(260,20) 

$objListbox.SelectionMode = "MultiExtended"

<# DATA INPUT -------------------------------------------------------------#>
write-output $headers | ForEach-Object {[void] $objListBox.Items.Add($_)}


$objListbox.Height = 70
$objForm.Controls.Add($objListbox) 
$objForm.Topmost = $True

$objForm.Add_Shown({$objForm.Activate()})
[void] $objForm.ShowDialog()
<# FORM END --------------------------------------------------------------#>



Write-Output $csv | select-object -property $objlistbox.selecteditems | export-csv .\CSVOutput.csv -NoTypeInformation

Citrix: RestartBrokerAgent for your Service Desk

If users cannot be logged off through the Citrix Director it mostly can be solved by restarting the Broker Agent (Citrix Desktop Service) Service.
It’s a short procedure but if done fast and dirty can cause many errors (by OSI Layer 8). I wrote a really small script so everyone can easily restart the service.

<code>param(
[string]$server
)
get-service -ComputerName $server -name BrokerAgent | restart-service -Verbose</code>

Just give it to the Service Desk and they can now restart the BrokerAgent with .\restartbrokeragent.ps1 -server XA-Server

Powershell: Get Clipboard Content to use with your script

I wrote a little script for a Reddit user on /r/techsupport that allows him to download a youtube Video with copying the URL and just starting the script. (Download with youtube-dl https://github.com/rg3/youtube-dl/)

The Clipboard part was the most fun and I guess some people can use it.

I basically create a WinForm which I won’t show and use the System.Windows.Forms.Textbox „paste()“ function to get the text:

<code>add-type -assemblyname system.windows.forms
$form = new-object System.Windows.Forms.TextBox
$form.multiline = $true
$form.paste()
$form.Text</code>

 

Your Clipboard content will be in $form.Text